Timaeus Latinus: Calcidius and the Creation of the Universe

Rhizomata: A Journal for Ancient Philosophy and Science

De Gruyter

This paper examines Calcidius’ position in the notorious interpretative controversy over Plato’s dialogue Timaeus. Despite Calcidius’ far-reaching influence on the later philosophical and theological tradition, his contribution to the history of this debate has received surprisingly little attention. Against previous studies that have concluded unfavourably with regard to Calcidius’ merits as a commentator, this inquiry shows that his Platonic exegesis, far from being problematic and contradictory, is original in its approach and method. During the course of this paper, moreover, Calcidius’ affiliation with the Christian faith is reevaluated and found to be less extensive than has sometimes been assumed.