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Dr. Marko Malink, Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Chicago
"Essence and Modality in Aristotle "
Aristotle’s modal syllogistic, found in Prior Analytics 1.8-22, is the most complicated part of his logic. It has been disputed since antiquity, and is widely regarded as incoherent today. This paper aims to arrive at a better understanding of the modal syllogistic by looking at the theory of predication that Aristotle develops in the Topics. Specifically, we will look at the Topics' theory of the ten categories (substance, quantity, quality, . . . ) and of the predicables (definition, genus, differentia, proprium, accident). I will show how this theory can help us to understand Aristotle’s modal syllogistic, and to verify some of his central claims concerning the validity and invalidity of modal inferences (such as Barbara NXN and Celarent NXN).
Friday, December 6, 2013
Cathedral of Learning Room 244B
Being, Nature, and Life In Aristotle
by James G. Lennox (Editor), Robert Bolton (Editor)
This volume of essays explores major connected themes in Aristotle's metaphysics, philosophy of nature, and ethics, especially themes related to essence, definition, teleology, activity, potentiality, and the highest good. The volume is united by the belief that all aspects of Aristotle's work need to be studied together if any one of the areas of thought is to be fully understood. Many of the papers were contributions to a conference at the University of Pittsburgh entitled 'Being, Nature, and Life in Aristotle', to honor Professor Allan Gotthelf's many contributions to the field of ancient philosophy; a few are contributions from those who were invited but could not attend. The contributors, all longstanding friends of Professor Gotthelf, are among the most accomplished scholars in the field of ancient philosophy today.
Inference from Signs: Ancient Debates about the Nature of Evidence
By James Allen
Original and penetrating, this book investigates of the notion of inference from signs, which played a central role in ancient philosophical and scientific method. It examines an important chapter in ancient epistemology: the debates about the nature of evidence and of the inferences based on it—or signs and sign-inferences as they were called in antiquity. Read more.